Zero-hour contracts: A hidden modern slavery

Zero-hour contracts take a huge mental and physical toll – poor eating habits, lack of sleep and relationship problems

shutterstock

Ernestine Gheyoh Ndzi, University of Hertfordshire and Janet Barlow, University of Hertfordshire

The number of workers on zero-hours contracts continues to rise in the UK. The Office for National Statistics (ONS) estimates that between October and December 2018 there were between 777,000 and 911,000 people working on zero-hours contracts. But the impact of such contracts seems to be underestimated by the government.

An independent government review of modern working practices states that: “To ban zero-hours contracts in their totality would negatively impact many more people than it helped”. The report mentions that almost a fifth of people on zero-hours contracts are in full-time education and banning zero-hour contracts would make it difficult for them to combine work and studying.

But research has demonstrated how detrimental zero-hour contracts can be on the psychological and mental well-being of workers. Anxiety, stress and depression can be common for workers on zero-hours contracts because of the financial and social insecurity.

Workers on zero-hours contracts are not paid sick leave and tend to work even when they are ill for fear of losing their jobs. So although statistics show that a third of all sickness notes signed off by GPs between September 2016 and September 2018 were for mental health reasons, the reality is that the number of people struggling with mental health problems while in work is likely to be much higher as these statistics do not include workers on zero-hours contracts.

As part of our research, we interviewed 35 zero-hours contract workers and heard how this precarious employment situation was affecting their lives. They told us how a lack of sufficient sleep, poor eating habits and relationship problems were all contributing to the mental toll of being on a zero-hours contract – as one of our interviewees explained:

Join 2,716 other followers

I’m just tired and don’t have enough sleep … because when you sometimes finish work maybe [at] 11pm, you get home, all you need to do is eat and go to sleep straight away, so you don’t give yourself time for that food to even digest. Everything is mixed up because you are on a zero-hour contract and you don’t work specific times, [so your] timing is not stable.

Zero balance

For many workers on zero-hours contracts, there is a distinct lack of work-life balance. The uncertainty of not knowing when work might be – during the night or day – and when they should sleep, are issues workers on zero-hours contracts must deal with on daily basis.
Financial insecurity also means that workers are unable to refuse work when it’s offered at a time when they should be sleeping. The fear of not getting subsequent job calls means that workers feel they cannot refuse work even if they’re exhausted – which impacts upon their mood and productivity.

People on zero-hour contracts are more than twice as likely to work night shifts, and are paid a third less an hour than other workers. Pexels

The zero-hours contract workers we interviewed also spoke about not having enough time to eat or having poor eating habits due to their unstable working hours. Some workers on zero-hour contracts are given shorter breaks than permanent colleagues – forcing them to skip meals or eat fast food more often. One of our interviewees explained the impact this had on their life:

It really affects stuff like eating … you’re kind of holding on to eat until they let you [and] it affects the way you eat, it affects your social life.

Life on hold

The workers we spoke with explained how the precariousness of zero-hours contracts meant they had had to miss or cancel family commitments because work suddenly became available. For them, everything has to stop when a job call comes through. Participants spoke of the stress of being pulled in two directions – needing to earn money to meet household expenses but also wanting to spend time with their family or partner.

Sometimes I run into problems with my wife because I haven’t money for the family … when you’ve got kids going to school, you’ve got people who have to eat … you’ve got bills … [and] you’ve got to buy clothes for them.

The UK is experiencing record levels of employment, with over 32m people in work. But many workers and their families continue to struggle to survive financially. And as our research shows, although more people may be employed than ever before, the jobs they are in are often precarious, unstable and unreliable. There has also been a rise in the number of people who have to work in more than one low paid job to make ends meet.

Zero-hours contracts exploit workers. And despite what the government’s report suggests, and the fact that zero-hours contracts tend to work very well for employers, the vast majority of people on zero-hours contracts want out. The only way to tackle this situation is to ban zero-hours contracts altogether. This will enable more people to have access to secure jobs with decent working hours and opportunities for progression.

Ernestine Gheyoh Ndzi, Senior Lecturer and Cohort Tutor, Hertfordshire Law School, University of Hertfordshire and Janet Barlow, Senior Lecturer in Law, University of Hertfordshire

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

Read more

  • Market, monopoly and manipulation

    20/11/2021 by

    It is interesting to have read an article on The Guardian authored by Robert Reich on a causes of inflation. The article has highlighted recent inflation and its tendencies in the US economy. According to him, the inflation is about 7 percent in compare to the last year. The reasons behind the price increment is… Read more

  • Imperfect market and monopoly product

    13/11/2021 by

    It is interesting to have read an article on The Guardian authored by Robert Reich on a causes of inflation. The article has highlighted recent inflation and its tendencies in the US economy. According to him, the inflation is about 7 percent in compare to the last year. The reasons behind the price increment is… Read more

  • We throw away a third of the food we grow; here’s what to do about waste | TC

    09/09/2021 by

    Kamran Mahroof, University of Bradford and Sankar Sivarajah, University of Bradford The COVID pandemic has shown the fragility of our global food supply chains, with many supermarkets and restaurants in almost every country having experienced food shortages. Millions of people in the UK alone have experienced severe food insecurity during COVID-19, according to a recent… Read more

  • Agro-forestry for the nature and food

    03/04/2021 by

    Jagadish Wagle We need an efficient environment to preserve the earth for the sake of achievements so far however, natural settings and eco-system are at the risk of collapsing at any time. The economic growth, so far, is the only excuse of exploiting the ecosystem. Indeed, economic growth is essential for the prosperity but the… Read more

View all posts

1 thought on “Zero-hour contracts: A hidden modern slavery

Comments are closed.

%d bloggers like this:
search previous next tag category expand menu location phone mail time cart zoom edit close